causes temporomandibular joint
causes of TMD include direct trauma to the jaws or joint region, accidental
injuries, unilateral chewing, tooth loss, grinding, non-physiological factors
such as stress and depression, joint developmental defects, degenerative joint
disorders, osteoarthritis, arthritis, autoimmune diseases, rheumatoid
arthritis, and lupus.
What are the symptoms of TMD?
be a severe pain, or a constant and dull pain that happens every time you
swallow, yawn, chew, or talk. Pain can manifest in many areas, such as in the
area in front of the jaw, where the joint is located. The pain can also be in
the face, head, ear and jaw caused by spasms in neighboring muscles.
are the treatment options for TMD?
training and preventive treatment are among the options along with splint
therapy, drug treatment, exercises, physical therapy, manipulation therapy,
botox application, psychiatric support, and advanced treatment such as surgery
in late cases.
applications should be directed to implantology.